Traditions of Patiala – Rich and Popular

After visiting the Kali Devi temple, I decided to explore the traditions of Patiala, which is known to be the ideal blend of cultural and religious life. I knew that the city had always remained a leader in the field of education. I started with the prestigious Mohindra College, which was established in 1870 and was famous as the first Degree College in the northern region of India. I was really amazed at the classics, some of which were built by the masters in the 19th century under the support of the Patiala rulers. The city had a separate culture, which the locals termed as the Patialavi culture. I experienced the fruition of a completely different kind of architecture in Patiala. Most of the creations had their roots linked to the famous style of the Rajputs combined with the elegance of beauty, which were designed depending on the taste and colors of the locals.

Then I decided to visit the Patiala Gharana, which is famous for serving as the roots for Hindustani music. Many reputed musicians who visited Patiala after the Court of Mughals in Delhi disintegrated in the eighteenth century came to this music school. I saw a few pictures of some of the most renowned exponents of the Gharana who brought glory to India after achieving fame worldwide. Some of them were of Ustad Ali Bux and his sons, Ustad Bade Ghulam Ali Khan and Ustad Akhtar Hussain Khan.

One common thing that I saw was the usage of Turban by each and every Sikh in Patiala. The Turban referred to their conventional headgear, which was made using around 8 meters of cloth. I remembered some songs that mentioned the popular Patialashahi turban and sung by popular Punjabi singers such as Pammi Bai along with many folk singers. I came across the Phulkari, which was a large sized cloth made up of cotton and had exclusive handcrafted embroidery of silk. I learnt that it was utilized during shoguns, marriages and other traditional affairs for performing various rituals. I saw that the women had a colourful tasselled tag tied to their hair and later found out that it was known as Paranda. Another integral part of the traditions of Patiala was the Patiala Peg, which is extremely famous in different corners of India, thanks to Punjabi songs and Bollywood.

Pammi Bai

Pammi Bai | Image Resource : desiwalls.com

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